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Program Information
 Bristol Broadband Co-operative 
 In 1535 Glastonbury abbey annual turnover was around £1.3bn in today's money
 Weekly Program
  Luke Loader, Mark Hutchinson
 Bristol Broadband Co-operative  
 For non-profit use only.
 Attribution No Derivatives (by-nd) 
 No Advisories - program content screened and verified.
St David, St Patrick and St Dunstan all played a part in the abbey's history
https://www.glastonburyabbey.com/history_archaeology.php
Did Joseph of Arimathea, the man who assumed responsibility for the burial of Jesus, come to Glastonbury?
Services were originally in Latin so the congregation didn't understand what the priests were saying.
Structure of church services change during the reformation, the priest turns to face the congregation, a personal religion rather than by proxy.
St David is believed to have visited the original Saxon church at Glastonbury
The Abbey is believed to have been founded around the fifth or sixth century - a continuity to the early church
St Patrick too has connections to the original Glastonbury Abbey
Cheddar caves and some of the first burials in Europe nearby in Wales, man's search for God or whoever's controlling things, how does it all work, near prehistoric Avebury and Stonehenge
Sweet Track and other trackways across the Somerset Levels
Bronze age cairn, a burial place on the Glastonbury Tor
The remarkable Glastonbury Tor is a natural geological phenomenon, remains of the church of St Michael which was dissolved with the Abbey, the original church toppled in the Somerset earthquake of 1275
St Michael is the dragon slayer, not St. George
Contradiction: the dragon in Western mythology symbolises evil, in Eastern mythology symbolises good
Superstitions - witchcraft, herbs and charms, warding off demons and evil, doing rituals to protect against evil is all you've got
Burial mound, Stonehenge gravestones
Lady chapel, first religious building in Europe over 2000 years ago, on top of previous religious site.
First wooden, original Saxon church one of first Christian sites in UK built but burned down by fire in 1184. After which Normans began to build the Abbey.
Roman or Norman Romanesque jagged designs 11th Century; gentle curves early Gothic; then pointy high Gothic; focusing your vision upwards.
Recycling of stone after the dissolution of the Abbey, stone remains in the spiritual heart of the abbey
Musketry practice pockmarks against the ruined Abbey walls, used as a rifle range by the Royalist army during the English Civil War
600 feet, 177 metres long, Glastonbury was the longest religious building of any kind in England
Wells Cathedral was built by the same stonemasons as Glastonbury,
Monasteries independent of the parish churches, Benedictine rule, Glastonbury was Roman Catholic, Friars like the Dominicans and Franciscans worked in society amongst the people. Monks were 'cloistered', so separate to society.
Benedictines the 'original monks' founded in the 4th century in Italy, get to England in 10th century, but have flexible rules and routines
St Dunstan brought Benedictine rule to Glastonbury and revitalised Monasticism which helped Monasteries to flourish, then the Franciscans and Cistercians split off from the Benedictines
Men and women separate or together, single sex institutions, smaller religious bases, Minsters, were also built to spread the word
Dissolution met with resistance, one of the largest houses in England - the profit motive, land ownership and finance drove the dissolution
In 1535 Glastonbury Abbey annual turnover around £1.3bn in today's money, connected to medieval highways, roads and by canals to the sea, effectively Abbeys were the local government and invested in regional infrastructure
Influence: around 120,000 acres of land spread across southern England, in Somerset alone the Abbey owned 56,000 acres
Producing and making money: from rents, money lending, wool, horse powered, water and wind mill building, toll roads, quarrying and stone, timber, fish (at Mere), roof and floor tiles, alcohol, wine, small beer (1-2%), cider, including monopolies, evidence of distilling too.
One of the most extensive libraries in the country was in Glastonbury Abbey which was destroyed in the dissolution, pages from the books allegedly used by locals to wrap their wares, library contained copies of Arabic, Greek and Roman texts
Longleat, Oxford, Cambridge and Taunton have books originally in the Abbey library.
Abbey scribes drafted legal documents and carried out conveyencing, scribes paid to work in monasteries but legal documents were sometimes forged at the Abbey
The Abbot's kitchen was well preserved because it was dangerous to knock down, stone gatherers wanted easy pickings from the ruins
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